Funnel Beaker Culture, the
The Funnel Beaker Culture was a part of the Danish Neolithic Age from ca. 3.950 BC. The culture's name is derived from its funnel beaker ceramics.
The Funnel Beaker Culture followed what is known as the Ertebølle Era, a time of great cultural change due to so called "Great Landnam" in 3.200 - 2.800 before BC, a period in which agriculture became widespread. Due to the introduction of farming, the culture and people's living conditions changed. New types of housing, graves and ceramics were some of the most visible changes.
The Funnel Beaker Culture existed for a long period until the advent of the Bronze Age, and can be divided into several periods, depending on the location of individul archeological findings.
The people of the Funnel Beaker Culture employed agriculture and husbandry. Slash-and-burn agriculture was employed intensely, which radically altered the landscape. Ancient forests were cut down to make room for fields for cattle and grain. People lived in long houses and buried their dead in megalith tombs such as dolmens and passage graves.
They produced tools mainly from flint and stone, and clay was used in the production of kitchenware like pots, as well as cultural offerings and artefacts such as beakers and tubs.
The Funnel Beaker Culture was followed by the Bronze Age.